Modernism
Modernism (from the French moderne modern), the general name of the directions of art and literature of the late 19th and 20th centuries. In a broad sense, it embraces cubism,…

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Anime
The word "anime" is an abbreviation for English "animation." The term "anime" was strengthened only in the mid-1970s, and before that, this concept was denoted "manga-eyg", which means "movie-comics". At…

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Manga
The great interest of people to manga can be explained by the simplicity and accessibility of the expression of artistic thought and ideological intent. Since the Japanese writing is complex…

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Tattoo history

The history of the tattoo has its roots in the distant past. The most ancient tattoos were discovered during excavations of the Egyptian pyramids. However, there is no evidence that these very tattoos were the very first. There is also evidence that tattoos existed in ancient China, Japan, northern Africa, Peru, northern America, ancient Greece, Rome, Indonesia, Altai, and many other countries.

The causes of the application on the skin are still a mystery. There is an opinion that the first tattoos were applied on the skin not on purpose. Perhaps it was the scars from wounds received during hunting or battles that distinguished their owners from others, as more daring and strong. Subsequently, the tattoo began to be applied to the skin specifically and had a certain value.

There is no doubt that the art of tattooing influenced the art of tattooing. Therefore, tattoos could have a different meaning, not to mention the diversity of their ornamental motifs.

The tattoo could display the social status of the owner, could be used as a charm, as a protective talisman, could also be used as a punishment. For example, in Japan, as a punishment, a line was applied to the robbers for each crime in such a way that after three crimes they had a hieroglyph “Inu” on their forehead, which meant “dog”.

TattooAlso, a tattoo could “tell” in detail about its owner. For example, women of Japanese Aboriginal Ainu used a tattoo on their face to indicate their marital status. In addition, by such patterns on the face of a woman, one could find out how many children she had.

The Romans tattooed the slaves and captives with a tattoo so that they could be identified. The Greeks believed that “cuts on the skin” meant the noble origin of their owners, and those who did not have them could not be noble.

A very interesting story about the use of tattoos can be found in the story of Herodotus about the times of Darius. It tells the story of where the tattoo was used as a message. So, as this message was secret, and no one except the addressee was supposed to see him, the sender shaved his slave’s head and wrote it up with injections. After the hair of the industry, he sent his slave to the person to whom this message was intended with a proposal to shave him and examine his head.

Tattoo With the spread of Christianity, the tattoo, like many other elements of pagan rituals and rituals, began to be eradicated and almost disappeared. His, quite a significant contribution to the revival of tattoos in Europe, made the captain James Cook. Returning from Tahiti in 1769, he brought back the word “tattoo” from there, and his living example is the Polynesian, whose entire body was covered in tattoos. And although tattoos aroused great interest in people, few dared to decorate their own body with them. In this regard, the designs of existing tattoos were very limited and mainly devoted to the marine theme.

In 1891, the American O’Reilly was the inventor of the electric tattoo machine. But even this technical solution did not change the position of the tattoo. Tattoo art came to life thanks to a surge in youth culture of the 50-60s.

Today, a tattoo is a whole area that has its own styles, schools, and directions. She, until now, attracts much attention to herself, and has completely come out of the “underground”, but is also not very welcomed by society.

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