Cubism
Cubism - (French. Cubisme, from cube - cyb) directed in the first century of the XX century. The plastic language of kibism is based on the deflection and decomposition of…

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Impressionism
Impressionism (fr. Impressionisme, from impression - impression) - artistic style in the art of the last third of the XIX - early XX centuries, which had a great influence on…

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Artists miracles
Despite the fact that we are all so different, we live in different places, and speak different languages, and play different games, all over the world, at all times children…

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Gothic ornament

Gothic ornament is very diverse and symbolic. It uses transformed ancient and Byzantine motifs, along with new themes.

A characteristic feature of the Gothic ornament are rectilinear geometric forms, forms in the form of a pointed arch, spherical triangles and quadrangles, floral ornament: leaves of grapes, burdock, oak, ivy, clover, roses, etc. Very often you can find the image of the trefoil and double leaf. Later, images of prickly plants begin to appear: blackthorn, thistle, fern and others.

The art of Gothic ornamentation is very closely associated with sculpture. In sculpture, floral ornamental motifs are often used. The idea of ​​using the motives of real flora in gothic decor becomes a kind of law. Gradually, the rosebuds used in the early Gothic ornament replace the lush bouquets of flowers and fruits. Later, various combinations were used, for example, plant elements and figures.

Architectural elements could be decorated with images of centaurs, human heads, individual figures, episodes from the Bible, historical characters, vine leaves and roses. For example, the garguyas of Notre Dame de Paris depict winged animals.

Gothic ornament A special place in Gothic architecture was allotted to openwork ornament, executed in stone. Circus removed all the lines of staring up lancet arches, three-bladed windows, four-bladed rosettes and magnificent round stained-glass windows of the main facade, called “roses”. Perhaps that is why in Germany the Gothic carving was called “masverk”, that is, the work but the size applied.

In the thirteenth century The new ornament was only an architectural element. At the end of the century, it appears in church silver utensils and begins to gradually penetrate into other genres of applied art. In the XV century. Gothic ornament becomes the main already in all applied arts.

Ceramic tiles, which covered the floors, very often decorated with ornaments. The general ornament was made by a combination of lines of a pattern of separate tiles. In French church architecture, the favorite decor of the floor was the so-called labyrinth, according to which parishioners mixed on their knees, reading prayers. This rite imitated pilgrimage, which was not always possible to carry out because of the remoteness from the holy places.

Gothic ornament. The tiles were decorated with various ornamental motifs: geometric, plant, zoomorphic, anthropomorphic, etc. Very often, when decorating tiles, a combination of palmethoks and plant shoots was used, and a very common type of Gothic ornament – a lily on a high stem. When applying the pattern mainly used in red or yellow, very rarely used black.

When decorating pottery, a cross-painted, engraved pattern or embossed heraldic ornament was used. Most of the products were covered with green icing.

For the decoration of furniture, it is characteristic to use thin plexuses connected with foliate ornament, “linen folds” ornament, tightly woven, twisted branches and leaves.

Russian splint
Who and why called them “cheap” is not known. Maybe because the pictures were cut out on lime boards (they called the bast then), maybe because they were sold in…

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Romanticism
Romanticism (French romantisme from the Latin. Roman romanum from Roma - Rome) is one of two, along with Classicism, the fundamental tendencies of artistic thinking. However, historically, this word has…

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Gothic
The Gothic style is an artistic style that was the final stage in the development of the Middle Ages of art of the countries of Western, Central and partially Eastern…

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Suprematism
Suprematism is the direction of non-objective art, invented by KS Malevich. Russian and Western European researchers often derive it from the French word supreme, while the term is actually derived…

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