Cinema art, a kind of art, whose works are created by filming real, specially staged or recreated by means of animated events of reality.
The cinema art synthesizes the aesthetic properties of literature, theatrical and visual arts, music on the basis of inherent only expressive means, of which the main is the photographic nature of the image, which allows to recreate any pictures of reality with utmost certainty, and editing. The mobility of the camera and the variety of optics used in the filming make it possible to present in the frame huge spaces and large masses of people (general plan), small groups of people in their interrelations (medium plan), human portrait or individual detail (close-up). Thanks to this, within the frame borders, the most significant, aesthetically significant sides of the depicted object can be distinguished. The combination of frames in editing serves as an expression of the author’s thought, creates a continuity of development of the action, organizes a visual narration, allows, by comparing individual plans, metaphorically interpret the action, forms the rhythm of the film.
Creating a work of cinema, as a rule, is a complex creative and production process, which combines the work of artists of various specialties: a screenwriter (author of the script); the director, who determines the interpretation and implementation of the plan and guides the work of the other participants of the production; actors embodying images of actors; an operator characterizing the action by means of compositional, photo-tonal and color interpretation of frames; an artist who finds a pictorial characteristic of the environment of action and the costumes of the characters (and in the animation and external characteristics of the characters) composer and others
During the development of cinema art, 4 of its main types were formed: art (game) cinematography embodying the performance of cinematographic works or adapted prose, dramaturgy, and poetry by means of performing arts; documentary cinematography, which is a special type of figurative journalism, based primarily on direct fixation on the film of reality; animated cinematography, “animating” graphic or puppet characters; popular science cinematography, using the tools of these 3 species to promote scientific knowledge.
CinemaArt cinematography has possibilities of epos, lyricism and drama, but in films of a narrative character, there are always features that bring them closer to the drama, in particular the dramatic conflict.
Documentary cinematography has the full scope of journalistic genres of literature and journalism. It combines and works of imaginative film journalism, and informational films (film report). Images of graphic and volumetric animation are created by shooting motionless successive phases of the movement of drawn or puppet characters. She pays special attention to making films for children.
Popular science cinema acquaints viewers with the life of nature and society, scientific discoveries and inventions, recreates the course of creative searches of scientists and art masters, clearly demonstrates the physico-chemical and biological processes. To solve these problems, she uses both purely didactic and artistic means, depending on the subject and task of the film.
The genres of cinema art, relatively clearly delimited in the early stages of cinema development (melodrama, adventure film, comic tape, etc.), are modified, they tend to merge, interpenetrate or even decay. Innovative aspirations of cinema figures determine the combination of features characteristic of prose, drama, and lyricism in one work.