Theater (from the Greek. Theatron – a place for shows; sight), a kind of art. Theater is a form of social consciousness, it is inseparable from the life of the people, their national history and culture. The theater usually achieves artistic growth when, penetrating the advanced ideas of the epoch, it fights for humanistic ideals and deeply and truthfully reveals the complexity of the inner world of a person, his aspirations.
Artistic reflection of life, the approval of certain ideas, worldview, ideology is performed in the theater through a dramatic act performed by the actors in front of the audience. The struggle of characters, the disclosure of social and psychological conflicts affecting the fate of people, their relationships are the basis of the play, the play. The specifics of the theater require an emotional and spiritual unity of the stage and the audience, the existence of common interests between the creators of the performance and the public. Theater is important in aesthetic, moral, and political education. He has for this rich means of artistic generalization, expressiveness, impact on the mass audience.
The basis of the theatrical performance is drama. The literary work theater translates into the field of stage action and specific theatrical imagery; characters, conflicts, dramas are embodied in living faces, actions. Word, speech – the most important tool that arms theater drama. In the theater, the word also obeys the laws of dramatic action. In some cases, he turns speech into a means of character’s household characteristics; in others, he reveals complex conflicts of consciousness and the psychology of the hero through the verbal fabric of the role. Speech on the stage can take the form of a lengthy utterance, flow as a conversation with a partner, be addressed to the viewer or sound like a hero’s reflection, etc.
Theater is a collective art. A performance is a work with artistic unity, harmony of all elements. It is created under the direction of the director and in accordance with the director’s idea by the joint efforts of actors, stage designer, composer, choreographer and many others. The performance is based on the director’s interpretation of the play, its genre, stylistic decision. The performance of the performance is organized in time (tempo, rhythm, rise and fall of emotional tension) and in space (the development of stage areas, the principle of its use, stage scenes, scenery, movement, etc.).
TheaterThe main carrier of theatrical action is the actor, in whose work the essence of the theater is embodied: the ability to capture the audience with an artistic spectacle directly flowing in front of them, the creative process of its embodiment. The acting image is created on the basis of the play and its interpretation by the production director. But even in the system of a strictly organized performance, the actor remains an independent artist who is able to recreate a vivid human image on the stage by means of the available means, to convey the complexity and richness of human psychology. The work on oneself and on the role in the process of rehearsals constitutes, as K. S. Stanislavsky believed, two inextricably linked aspects of the actor’s activities.
Often an actor creates an image on the stage that is not similar to his own, in different roles he changes externally and internally. In the embodiment of the appearance, character of the character, the performer uses the means of plastic and rhythmic expressiveness, the art of speech, mimicry, gesture. The history of world theater knows actors with masterly mastery of external transformation.
In musical theater, the action is embodied by means of musical drama, which is based on the general laws of drama – the presence of a clearly expressed central conflict, revealed in the struggle of opposing forces, a certain sequence of stages of the disclosure of dramas of the idea. In each of the types of musical and scenic art, these general laws find a specific refraction according to the nature of their expressive means: in an opera, the action taking place on the stage is expressed by music, that is, by the singing of actors, as well as by the sound of the orchestra; in ballet, a role similar to singing in opera belongs to dance and pantomime. At the same time, in both cases, music is the main generalizing means, connecting all the elements of the drama together. In the operetta, which represents a kind of opera with a conversational dialogue, couplet song and dance are of great importance. Expressive means of dramatic, opera and choreographic art, pop and everyday music are used in the musical genre.