Monthly Archives: May 2018
Romanesque art, the style of architecture and other branches of art that originated in Western Europe in the 10th century. The term “Romanesque” (French Romanesque, Spanish romanico, German Romanic from Latin romanum) appeared at the beginning of the 19th century, when historians and romantic artists, discovering the art of the early Middle Ages, noticed that the architecture of this era reminds of ancient roman. The Romanesque era – the time of the emergence of the pan-European architectural style. The leading role in this process was played by the peoples of Western Europe. The formation of the Western European Romanesque culture due to continuous wars and the resettlement of peoples took place later than in the East, in Byzantium, but proceeded more dynamically. The main feature of the Romanesque era is openness to external influences. Continue reading
Since the end of XIX – early XX centuries. a variety of new trends in French painting united under the name of post-impressionism, which deliberately opposed some of the principles of impressionism.
Post-impressionism increased interest in the philosophical and symbolic principles of art. The artists of this trend did not adhere only to visual impressions, but sought to convey the materiality of the world freely and in a general way, they resorted to decorative stylization (P. Cezanne, Van Gogh, P. Gauguin). The creative work of A. Toulouse-Lautrec, which depicted the life of actors, circus performers, singers, dancers, cafés and barmen’s regulars, belongs to post-impressionism. Paintings J. Seurat, P. Signac, some canvases by K. Pissarro, written in separate strokes – pointillism is also referred to as post-impressionism. Continue reading
Modern – (French moderne from the Latin. Modemus – new, modern) – the period of development of European art at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries, the main content of which was the desire of artists to oppose their creativity to the historicism and eclecticism of the art of the second half of the XIX century – hence the name. Therefore, the term “modern” should be distinguished from the general meaning of the word “modern” or “modern art”, as well as the term “modernism”, meaning all the most avant-garde, experimental and formalistic trends in the art of the 20th century. Continue reading