Romanesque art, the style of architecture and other branches of art that originated in Western Europe in the 10th century. The term “Romanesque” (French Romanesque, Spanish romanico, German Romanic from Latin romanum) appeared at the beginning of the 19th century, when historians and romantic artists, discovering the art of the early Middle Ages, noticed that the architecture of this era reminds of ancient roman. The Romanesque era – the time of the emergence of the pan-European architectural style. The leading role in this process was played by the peoples of Western Europe. The formation of the Western European Romanesque culture due to continuous wars and the resettlement of peoples took place later than in the East, in Byzantium, but proceeded more dynamically. The main feature of the Romanesque era is openness to external influences. Continue reading
Impressionism (fr. Impressionisme, from impression – impression) – artistic style in the art of the last third of the XIX – early XX centuries, which had a great influence on all subsequent art. Impressionism is a purely French phenomenon, although English landscape painters J. Constable and W. Turner are considered its predecessors.
Impressionism originated in France in the 1860s, when E. Manet, O. Renoir, E. Degas introduced into the painting the diversity and complexity of urban life, the freshness and immediacy of world perception. Their works are characterized by the image of random situations, the courage of compositional decisions, the apparent imbalance of composition, unexpected points of view, perspectives. Continue reading
Decorative art (from the Latin. Decoro “decorating”) – a section of art, which includes a fairly large number of industries, it is one of the most important areas of folk art and is closely related to design. Decorative – applied art is a field of decorative art, which studies the creation of artistic works used in everyday life and artistic processing of products. His works can be: various utensils, furniture, fabrics, tools, vehicles, as well as clothing and various decorations. Continue reading