Romanesque art, the style of architecture and other branches of art that originated in Western Europe in the 10th century. The term “Romanesque” (French Romanesque, Spanish romanico, German Romanic from Latin romanum) appeared at the beginning of the 19th century, when historians and romantic artists, discovering the art of the early Middle Ages, noticed that the architecture of this era reminds of ancient roman. The Romanesque era – the time of the emergence of the pan-European architectural style. The leading role in this process was played by the peoples of Western Europe. The formation of the Western European Romanesque culture due to continuous wars and the resettlement of peoples took place later than in the East, in Byzantium, but proceeded more dynamically. The main feature of the Romanesque era is openness to external influences. Continue reading
Impressionism (fr. Impressionisme, from impression – impression) – artistic style in the art of the last third of the XIX – early XX centuries, which had a great influence on all subsequent art. Impressionism is a purely French phenomenon, although English landscape painters J. Constable and W. Turner are considered its predecessors.
Impressionism originated in France in the 1860s, when E. Manet, O. Renoir, E. Degas introduced into the painting the diversity and complexity of urban life, the freshness and immediacy of world perception. Their works are characterized by the image of random situations, the courage of compositional decisions, the apparent imbalance of composition, unexpected points of view, perspectives. Continue reading
Since ancient times, trying to protect themselves, people endowed various objects with mystical, supernatural properties. Different charms, talismans, amulets have long had different meanings, but they all had one function – to protect and protect people.
Amulet considered the subject, which was attributed to the miraculous ability to protect the owner from disaster, illness and “evil spell.” Amulet attributed the magical property to protect or protect people and animals, especially the warrior and his horse, house and utensils, tools and weapons from evil demons and envious people. Amulets could be security and well-being, signs or objects, such as semi-precious and precious stones. Continue reading