Romanesque art, the style of architecture and other branches of art that originated in Western Europe in the 10th century. The term “Romanesque” (French Romanesque, Spanish romanico, German Romanic from Latin romanum) appeared at the beginning of the 19th century, when historians and romantic artists, discovering the art of the early Middle Ages, noticed that the architecture of this era reminds of ancient roman. The Romanesque era – the time of the emergence of the pan-European architectural style. The leading role in this process was played by the peoples of Western Europe. The formation of the Western European Romanesque culture due to continuous wars and the resettlement of peoples took place later than in the East, in Byzantium, but proceeded more dynamically. The main feature of the Romanesque era is openness to external influences. Continue reading
Unlike classics, classicism is not a qualitative, but a functional concept; it expresses a certain tendency of artistic thinking, based on the desire for simplicity, clarity, rationality, and the consistency of the artistic image.
Classicism is turned to the future, not to the past, and this is its artistic and historical meaning. The basis of the classical worldview is a specific understanding of beauty, the belief that beauty is eternal.
Classicism – (from the Latin. Classicus – exemplary), style and direction in architecture and fine art, XVII – early XIX centuries., Turned to the ancient heritage as an ideal model. However, Classicism can refer not only to a single historical epoch, artistic direction, trend, style, or school of art. Continue reading
Baroque – (Portuguese. Baroco – freaky, bad, wrong, spoiled). The term “baroque” has many meanings in the history of art. Among them are narrower, to designate artistic styles in the art of various countries of the XVII-XVIII centuries, or broader ones – to define the ever-renewing tendencies of a restless, romantic attitude, thinking in expressive, dynamic forms, or generally as a poetic metaphor: “Baroque man” , “Baroque”, “Baroque world”, “Baroque life”. Finally, in every time, almost every historical art style finds its “baroque period”. Continue reading