Rococo (French rococo – fanciful, quaint from rocaille – rocky from roc – rock, cliff). Rococo – the original art style, developed in the art of France, the first half of the XVIII century. Same as Louis XV style, since it coincides with the time of the reign of this king (1720-1765). Rococo is one of the most famous “royal styles”. The origin of its name and main forms is closely related to the concept of “rokail”.
In 1736, the French jeweler and woodcarver J. Mondon “Son” published an album of engraved drawings entitled “The First Book of the Forms of Rokaille and Cartelles”. Continue reading
Pop art (English pop-art, from popular art to public art) is a trend that took shape first in modern art and then in various spheres of popular culture of the 20th century.
Pop art originated in the 50s of the 20th century in the USA and Great Britain and finally won a “place under the sun” at the international exhibition in Venice (1964), defeating abstractionism. An American artist R. Rauschenberg received the main prize for “subject compilation” composed of combinations of colorful postcards and a scrap of a poster, clippings from illustrated magazines and a photograph of the assassinated President J. Kennedy. Continue reading
Who and why called them “cheap” is not known. Maybe because the pictures were cut out on lime boards (they called the bast then), maybe because they were sold in bast boxes ofeni-shipwrights, or, according to Moscow legend, everything went from Lubyanka, the street where making popular prints.
Humorous folk pictures sold at fairs as early as the 17th century, until the beginning of the 20th, were considered the most popular art form in Russia, although the attitude towards them was not serious, since in the higher strata of society they categorically refused to recognize as art what the common people created, self-taught , often on gray paper, to the joy of the peasant people. Continue reading