In the history of art, the term expressionism (from the Latin. Expressio – “expression”) is applicable to a wide range of phenomena. And yet, as a definite trend in art, expressionism unites primarily the work of a group of artists who worked in Germany before the First World War.
Since the end of the XIX century. in German culture there was a special view on the work of art. It was believed that it should carry in itself only the will of the creator, to be created “by internal necessity,” which does not need comments and excuses. At the same time there was a reassessment of aesthetic values. Continue reading
Modernism (from the French moderne modern), the general name of the directions of art and literature of the late 19th and 20th centuries. In a broad sense, it embraces cubism, dadaism, surrealism, futurism, expressionism, abstract art, functionalism, etc. New artistic trends usually expressed themselves as art in the highest degree “modern”, hence the name itself.
At the end of the 19th century, artists, especially impressionists (impressionism), began to organize their own exhibitions, traders began to play an increasing role in popularizing their art. However, for many, the concept of “Modernism” is associated primarily with the 20th century. Continue reading
Cubism – (French. Cubisme, from cube – cyb) directed in the first century of the XX century. The plastic language of kibism is based on the deflection and decomposition of the subjects on the geometry, the plastic shift of the form.
Many Russian artists passed through the Kibism, often joining his principles with the help of other modern dispatches.
The emergence of Cubism is attributed to 1907, when P. Picasso painted the picture Avignon Girls (Museum of Modern Art, New York), unusual for its acute grotesque: deformed, coarse figures are depicted here without any light and shade elements, as a combination of on the volume plane. Continue reading